Herakleios's (q.v.) futile attempt, by edict in 638, to find a formula that would reconcile the Monophysites (q.v.) with those who adhered to the teachings of the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon (qq.v.). This had become a particularly important issue with the recovery of the eastern (chiefly Monophysite) provinces from the Persians (q.v.). Monoenergism (q.v.), the doctrine that Christ had one active divine-human force (energeia), was a first attempt at compromise. Patriarch Sergios of Constantinople (qq.v.) supported this, but Sophronios, who became patriarch of Jerusalem (qq.v.) in 634, did not. Sergios dropped Monoenergism in favor of Monotheletism (q.v.), the doctrine that the human and divine natures in Christ were united in a single will (thelema). This had been first proposed to him by Pope Honorius I (625-638). Herakleios made this doctrine official in 638 with the publication of his Ekthesis ("statement of faith"). However, the futility of this was quickly apparent, for both sides rejected it, including Pope Honorios I's successor, Pope Severinus, who declared for two wills in Christ. Moreover, by 638 the Arabs conquered Syria and Palestine (qq.v.), and would soon conquer Egypt (q.v.), the very provinces that the Ekthesis was attempting to pacify. Constans II's Typos (qq.v.), issued in 648, aimed at patching up relations with the papacy (q.v.) by forbidding any discussion of wills and energies.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Ekthĕsis — (gr.), 1) Ausstellung; 2) Auseinandersetzung: 3) Edict; bes. 4) die 639 n.Chr. vom Kaiser Heraklios gegebene, vom Patriarchen Sergius verfaßte Verordnung gegen die Monotheleten, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ekthesis — ▪ logic       (Greek: “to expose,” or “to set forth”), in logic, process used by Aristotle to establish the validity of certain propositions or syllogisms. For example, in the Analytica priora he argued: “If A belongs to no B; neither will B… …   Universalium

  • Ekthesis — Ek|the|sis die; , ...sen <aus gleichbed. spätgr. ékthesis zu gr. ektithénai »aussetzen; darlegen«>: 1. (veraltet) Darlegung, Auslegung, Erklärung. 2. eine Glaubenserklärung des oström. orthodoxen Kaisers Heraklius im Monotheletenstreit (vgl …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ekthesis — Ẹkthesis   [griechisch »Darlegung (des Glaubens)«] die, , eine unter dem oströmischen orthodoxen Kaiser Herakleios 638 zur Überwindung der Streitigkeiten mit den Monophysiten geschaffene vermittelnde Lehrformel, nach der Christus sein… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Monotheletism —    The doctrine of Christ s single will (thelema) proposed by Pope Honorius I (625 638) as an alternative to Monoenergism (q.v.). Patriarch Sergios of Constantinople (qq.v.) supported it, as did Herakleios (q.v.), who enshrined it in an imperial… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Concilio de Constantinopla III — Tercer Concilio de Constantinopla VIº Concilio Ecuménico de la Iglesia Católica Fecha de inicio 7 de noviembre de 680 Fecha de término 16 de septiembre de 681 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agapetos —    Deacon, most likely of Hagia Sophia (q.v.), and author of a work entitled Ekthesis (Exposition), a manual of advice to Justinian I (q.v.) on how to govern. The emperor is presented as God s earthly viceroy, whose piety and good works express… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Agapetos — war ein spätantiker oströmischer Kleriker und Schriftsteller, der in der 1. Hälfte des 6. Jahrhunderts lebte. Über das Leben des Agapetos – nicht zu verwechseln mit dem gleichnamigen Papst Agapitus I. oder dem weströmischen Konsul des Jahres 517… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 638 — Années : 635 636 637  638  639 640 641 Décennies : 600 610 620  630  640 650 660 Siècles : VIe siècle  VIIe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Monotelismo — El monotelismo fue una doctrina religiosa del siglo VII que admitía en Cristo dos naturalezas, la humana y la divina, y una única voluntad. El monotelismo trataba de ser una solución de compromiso entre la ortodoxia cristiana y el monofisismo.… …   Wikipedia Español

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